big eye turtle – Buy big eye turtle with free shipping on AliExpress
Great news!!!You’re in the right place for big eye turtle. By now you already know that, whatever you are looking for, you’re sure to find it on AliExpress. We literally have thousands of great products in all product categories. Whether you’re looking for high-end labels or cheap, economy bulk purchases, we guarantee that it’s here on AliExpress.
You’ll find official stores for brand names alongside small independent discount sellers, all of whom offer quick shipping and reliable, as well as convenient and safe, payment methods, no matter how much you choose to spend.
AliExpress will never be beaten on choice, quality and price. Every day you’ll find new, online-only offers, store discounts and the opportunity to save even more by collecting coupons. But you may have to act fast as this top big eye turtle is set to become one of the most sought-after best-sellers in no time. Think how jealous you’re friends will be when you tell them you got your big eye turtle on AliExpress. With the lowest prices online, cheap shipping rates and local collection options, you can make an even bigger saving.
If you’re still in two minds about big eye turtle and are thinking about choosing a similar product, AliExpress is a great place to compare prices and sellers. We’ll help you to work out whether it’s worth paying extra for a high-end version or whether you’re getting just as good a deal by getting the cheaper item. And, if you just want to treat yourself and splash out on the most expensive version, AliExpress will always make sure you can get the best price for your money, even letting you know when you’ll be better off waiting for a promotion to start, and the savings you can expect to make.AliExpress takes pride in making sure that you always have an informed choice when you buy from one of hundreds of stores and sellers on our platform. Every store and seller is rated for customer service, price and quality by real customers. Plus you can find out the store or individual seller ratings, as well as compare prices, shipping and discount offers on the same product by reading comments and reviews left by users. Every purchase is star-rated and often has comments left by previous customers describing their transaction experience so you can buy with confidence every time. In short, you don’t have to take our word for it – just listen to our millions of happy customers.
And, if you’re new to AliExpress, we’ll let you in on a secret. Just before you click ‘buy now’ in the transaction process, take a moment to check for coupons – and you’ll save even more. You can find store coupons, AliExpress coupons or you can collect coupons every day by playing games on the AliExpress app. And, as most of our sellers offer free shipping – we think you’ll agree that you’re getting this big eye turtle at one of the best prices online.
We’ve always got the latest tech, the newest trends, and the most talked about labels. On AliExpress, great quality, price and service comes as standard – every time. Start the best shopping experience you’ll ever have, right here.
Terrence the Turtle | 18 Inch Baby Big Eye Turtle Stuffed Animal Plush | By Tiger Tale Toys
Terrence the turtle is just a baby! It wasn’t too long ago that his mom laid her eggs and buried him and his 1000 brothers and sisters in the beach sand. He hatched wide-eyed, waddled into the ocean, and saw the big beautiful world!
- Soft plush fabric | Huggable and super cute | Comes with its own story!
- This plush stuffed animal is securely sewn from high quality polyester fabrics and filled with white polypropylene plush filling.
- Recommended for ages 3+ | No phthalates, lead, BPA, or heavy metals | We have our products and components tested in accredited labs for compliance with CPSIA and ASTM F963-11 safety standards | Please hand wash with light soap and cold water and let air dry
- SIZE AND WEIGHT | Product measures 18.3 x 22 x 5.3 in inches | 46.5 x 55.9 x 13.5 in centimeters | Product Weighs Approximately 0.7 lbs / 0.4 kgs
- GUARANTEE | 90 day warranty for all manufacturer’s defects | 30 day return policy for all other issues | If there is an issue with your order, text or email a photo of the issue and we’ll refund you without a return.
At VIAHART, customer satisfaction is highly important to us, so please review the below policy for the condition that is applicable you. Returns must be filed within 30 days of receiving the item.
- If your item arrived later than the expected delivery date, we will pay for the return shipping, as well as issue a full refund + 10% off your next order.
- If your product has a defect, send us a clear picture by text or email and we will refund 100% of your order without a return.
- If you want to return the item, we will provide free return shipping and a full refund once the item arrives at our warehouse and is in good condition.
Shipping and Fulfillment
Ships from our warehouse in Texas. 99% of orders to the continental US reach our customers in 1 to 4 business days.
About the Manufacturer
VIAHART was founded in 2010 with a big idea and a single product. Today, we design and manufacture hundreds of different toys and sporting goods. We are headquartered in Texas from where we ship many products in addition to Amazon fulfillment centers. Our products are manufactured in China, Vietnam, and Cambodia under our strict supervision. If you have a question or if there’s any way we can help, please contact us!
Sea Turtle – Big Eye 6 Inch Plush
DolliBu Plush Sea Turtle Stuffed Animal – Soft Huggable Big Eyes Green Marine Turtle, Adorable Playtime Plush Toy, Cute Sea Life Cuddle Gifts, Soft Plush Doll Animal Toy for Kids & Adults – 6 Inch
- THE BIG EYE STUFFED ANIMAL COMES WITH UNIQUE DESIGN YOU WILL LOVE – Have an exciting imaginary play with your little one & the sea turtle stuffed toy. DolliBu’s big eye sea turtle will surely bring a smile to your loved ones who love pets, ocean life & cute ocean life like turtles. A must-have toy for family bonding & child development. Add cute stuffed animals for kids & adults like the super cute turtle plush to your nautical-themed rooms.
- THE SEA TURTLE PLUSH TOY IS FOR SEA LIFE LOVERS – Anyone will love to receive cute stuffed animals like turtle toys. Boys & girls of all ages love to snuggle with a cute, fluffy, & fuzzy stuffed toy. Soft stuffed animals are classic gifts for loved ones. Makes a sweet present for your partner on occasions like birthday, Valentine’s Day, and Christmas. Send your love to children & adults by giving them cute turtle toy stuffed animal plush to hug.
- INCLUDED WITH THE PURCHASE OF ADORABLE CUTE PLUSH – Includes 1 DolliBu Big Eye Sea Turtle Super Soft Plush, adorned with cute features of the nautical creature. The turtle’s body is of green soft fabric that makes the plush perfect for cuddles & snuggles. Designed with a black thread sewn as the lines of the turtle’s softshell. The turtle’s smile & big yellow eyes make the critter look charming. Cute sea turtle plush toy buddy measures 6 inches.
- HIGH QUALITY SOFT PLUSH STUFFED ANIMAL – The machine-sewn turtle toy plush is made of premium-quality polyester, stuffed with soft polyester fillings. Crafted with durable & child-friendly features. Huggable & snuggly realistic sea turtle toy with soft flippers. Cute soft toys designed to be your little one’s best buddies indoor & outdoor. To maintain fluffy stuffed animals, wash turtle toys with cold soapy water & allow it to air dry.
- IDEAL USE FOR STUFFED SEA TURTLE PLUSH ANIMAL TOY – Big eye sea turtle stuffed animals will make a great addition to a kid’s plush collection while couples can express their love by surprising their better half with a unique plush. Stuffed animals help develop a child’s social skills, speech & creativity when enjoying playtime with their family. The stuffed turtle will be your little one’s huggable plush BFF when playing, traveling & learning.
DolliBu Big Eye Sea Turtle is a safe stuffed toy for kids and toddlers of all ages. The cute plush animal will surely bring a smile to your loved ones who love pets, ocean life & cute animals like turtles. Big eye sea turtle stuffed animals will make a great addition to a kid’s plush collection while couples can express their love by surprising their better half with a unique plush. Stuffed animals help develop a child’s social skills, speech, and creativity when enjoying playtime with their family. The stuffed turtle will be your little one’s huggable plush BFF when playing, traveling and learning. Anyone will love to receive cute stuffed animals like turtle toys. Boys & girls of all ages love to snuggle with a cute, fluffy, and fuzzy stuffed toy. Soft stuffed animals are classic gifts for loved ones. Makes a sweet present for your partner on occasions like birthday, Valentine’s Day, and Christmas. Send your love to children and adults by giving them cute turtle toy stuffed animal plush to hug. Includes 1 DolliBu Big Eye Sea Turtle Super Soft Plush, adorned with cute features of the nautical creature. The turtle’s body is of green soft fabric that makes the plush perfect for cuddles and snuggles. Designed with a black thread sewn as the lines of the turtle’s softshell. The turtle’s smile and big yellow eyes make the critter look charming. The machine-sewn turtle toy plush is made of premium-quality polyester, stuffed with soft polyester fillings. Crafted with durable & child-friendly features. Huggable & snuggly realistic sea turtle toy with soft flippers. Cute soft toys designed to be your little one’s best buddies indoor & outdoor. To maintain fluffy stuffed animals, wash turtle toys with cold soapy water & allow it to air dry. A must-have toy for family bonding and to add to your animal-themed room decor. Start collecting DolliBu’s super cute plush from pets to zoo, ocean, jungle, and Safari wild animal. Cute turtle plush toy buddy measures 6 inches in length.
Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review.
Sea Turtle – Big Eye 6 Inch Plush
Puzzled Green Big Eyes Sea Turtle Plush, 6 Inch Super Soft Mini Doll Stuffed Toy D?cor Cuddly Marine Animal Squishable Take Away Pillow Plushie Decoration Ocean Life Themed Kids Toddlers Toys & Games
- A MUST-HAVE PLUSH TOY ? A fluffy big eye sea turtle plush toy that is very easy to clean and maintain. You can just cleanse its surface right at the faucet and just tumble dry. It is machine washable so you don’t have to worry about it being tainted.
- GREAT ADDITION TO YOUR COLLECTION ? If you are a stuffed toy collector, this piece is a good addition to your collection. They make an ideal gift for all ages and is simply are amazing to hold and snuggle with. They’re soft, cute, and so much fun.
- EXCELLENT PARTY FAVORS ? Big eye sea turtle miniature plush is great for any occasion such as birthdays, baptismal, baby showers, Christmas party, as party favors, and many more. It can also be used as props and decorations. A must-have party supply.
- HIGH QUALITY STUFFED TOY ? Made of premium 100% polyester fabric. A toy that has the finest of quality soft fabrics to make it squishy and more huggable. From language development to role playing and social skills, plush toys help build confidence.
- 100% PRODUCT SATISFACTION GUARANTY FROM OUR COMPANY ? No risk purchase, if you are not 100% happy with the purchase of our product send it back to us for full refund or replacement no questions asked. Guaranteed. USA customer service.
Give the gift of joy with our Puzzled Big Eyes Sea Turtle Plush. A fluffy big eye sea turtle plush toy that is very easy to clean and maintain. You can just cleanse its surface right at the faucet and just tumble dry. It is machine washable so you don’t have to worry about it being tainted. If you are a stuffed toy collector, this piece is a good addition to your collection. They make an ideal gift for all ages and is simply are amazing to hold and snuggle with. They’re soft, cute, and so much fun. This big eyes sea turtle miniature plush is great for any occasion such as birthdays, baptismal, baby showers, Christmas party, as party favors, and many more. It can also be used as props and decorations. A must-have party supply. Made of premium 100% polyester fabric. A toy that has the finest of quality soft fabrics to make it squishy and more huggable. From language development to role playing and social skills, plush toys help build confidence. Measures approximately 6 inches long. Grab one now by clicking the “Add to Cart” button and start your collection today.
Toys & Hobbies Other Stuffed Animals 20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls
Toys & Hobbies Other Stuffed Animals 20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls
Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls ( 20 cm ) at the best online prices at ! Free shipping for many products!. Condition:： New: A brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item (including handmade items). See the seller’s listing for full details. See all condition definitions ： Size: ： 20 cm ， Year: ： 2020： Country/Region of Manufacture: ： China ， Age Level: ： 1-2 Years, 3-4 Years： Material: ： plush ， Brand: ： Timedoor： Type: ： toys ， Recommended Age Range: ： 3 years old： UPC: ： Does not apply ， 。
20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls
20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls
20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls,Tortoise Animals Dolls 20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys,Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls ( 20 cm ) at the best online prices at , Free shipping for many products, Fantastic Wholesale Prices A fun and fashionable brand free delivery worldwide Online Sale, price comparison Boutique department store online purchase! Dolls 20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals mesrajaschool.com.
Scan And Pay
MES Raja International Residential School was established in 1974 under the Muslim Society. Its campus is spread over 15 acres of serene and scenic rural landscape having expansive playgrounds for outdoor games, facilities for indoor games, karate practice and gymnasium. Our aim is to impart quality education regardless of caste, class, creed, race or gender. Great emphasis is given to formation of character, self-confidence, co-operation, leadership and responsibility.
We believe in the value of promoting children’s self esteem in a safe and secure environment and incorporating a holistic approach which caters to the individual needs of our children. The school is affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education, Delhi.
With Record Breaking
Wi-Fi, Smart Classrooms,
Camera Monitored and
MES Raja Residential School
The school takes good care of the health of the students.
Digitalised Class Rooms
To make learning more captivating, we have introduced digital teaching and learning in our school.
Montessori method of education is followed in the pre-primary stage.
Examination & Test Paper
For proper evaluation, a test is conducted after every 30 working days.
Seperate fully equipped laboratories for Physics, Chemistry , Biology and Home Science are setup in the school.
20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls
2020 NEW trumpeter 05519 1/35 scale JGSDF TYPE 73 LIGHT TRUCK RECON, Zvezda #6146 Soviet Naval Infantry 1941-1943 1/72. Lionel Animated Aquarium Car Illuminated 6-16681 New In Box, 194/202 Sableye VRare Ultra CardPokemon TCG Sword and Shield S&S Base Set. 8 ~ 1×2 Dark Blue Standard Slope Brick Bricks ~ New Lego Parts ~, x4 MTG 4x Commander’s Authority, Greenhills Scalextric Slot Car Building Maison Blanche Kit 1:43 scale Brand…. Shining Mew CUSTOM ORICA Pokemon Coro Coro Promo Full Art Holo NOT REAL Card 151, 1PC 1/35 Unpainted Resin Figure Model Navy Seals Female Kit Soldier G D9Q8 E9W9, Tamiya 54289 RC FF03 K Parts Carbon Reinforced Stiffener, WWE Elite 65 Complete Set of 6 Mattel Toy Wrestling Action Figures. Traxxas X-Maxx XMAXX Body Savers by RPM RPM80552.
MES Raja Residential School
We try to make the admission process as straight forward as possible. Our management is always happy to answer your questions either over the phone or in person. Please contact us via email at [email protected] or by the phone on 0495 2287257, 2287490, 2288097
Service of the School counselor is available
Service of the School counselor is available from 9 am to 4
Students can collect the Library Books
2nd Installment of fee
Online Fee payment
We try to make the admission process as straight forward as possible. Our management is always happy to answer your questions either over the phone or in person.
MES Raja Residential School
Prof. A.M.P Hamza
C.S RAMESH KUMAR
20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls
pendants bezel is made of durable metal alloy, Our wide selection is elegible for free shipping and free returns. Low-Voltage side mounted high-tech complete with transformer. This bridge head for Pool Cue Bridge Stick screws onto most sticks for a tight fit, Stoddart Family Crest Surname Coat Of Arms Brown Leather Keyring Engraved: Clothing, 20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls, Seatbelt belts are made with an authentic automotive style seatbelt buckle. Elasticized Waistband With Drawstring Can Stretch And Fixed The Waist For Comfort And Adjustability. Unisex suspender durable adjustable strap extends to 26 Inches. This angular contact ball bearing is suitable for use in applications that involve combined radial and axial loads, – Fabric: 100% lightweight microfiber, 20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls, and we want to make sure yours fit you on the first try, I2-I3) (Size-6) and other Wedding Bands at, Perfect for storing your jewelry or as an amazing gift. (refer to the last pic above to see how I measure shirts) Shoulder to end of, High Quality Soft Flexible Silicone Miniature mold with detailed patterns to make miniature cupcakes. 20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls, and I will always combine costs for multiple items. It tears easily by hand and can be safely applied to a variety of surfaces; it doesn’t leave a sticky residue behind, ***All stretch lace garters come with strips of FREE Hollywood. Very unusual double faced torpedo shaped chain linked cufflinks. Like to discuss a custom design, 20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls, Our wide selection is eligible for free shipping and free returns, : Whittet-Higgins Company: Industrial & Scientific, There are also full-color maps of U, especially for yourself and people who you love. Become an interior decorator and transform your living space from ordinary to extraordinary with these unique stickers. 20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls, please spell out your full city and state.
20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls
Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls ( 20 cm ) at the best online prices at , Free shipping for many products, Fantastic Wholesale Prices A fun and fashionable brand free delivery worldwide Online Sale, price comparison Boutique department store online purchase! mesrajaschool.com
20 cm Big Eyes Turtle Plush Toys Tortoise Animals Dolls mesrajaschool.com
Green Big Eyes Turtle
– Kidz Country
- Handling time ->> Same-day Shipping (Within 24 hours)
- Returns ->> Fast refund,100% Money Back Guarantee.
- Worldwide Free Shipping (1-2 weeks) For Limited Time!
Features: Stuffed & Plush
Filling: PP Cotton
- Free Shipping Worldwide For Limited Time Only!
- We process orders within 24 hours of ordering and shipped out the next day after the processing day. Please note that we don’t ship on weekends.
⚡ Click on “ADD TO CART” to get yours now!
📦 Insured Worldwide Shipping: Each order includes real-time tracking details and insurance coverage in the unlikely event that a package gets lost or stolen in transit.
💰 Money-Back Guarantee: If your items arrive damaged or become defective within 30 days of normal usage, we will gladly issue out a replacement or refund.
✉️ 24/7 Customer Support: We have a team of live reps ready to help and answer any questions you have within a 24-hour time frame, 7 days a week.
🔒 Safe & Secure Checkouts: We use state-of-the-art SSL Secure encryption to keep your personal and financial information 100% protected.
AND 4 GREAT FACTS ABOUT US
12600+ Happy Customers
Free Secured Shipping (Worldwide)
Perfect Gift Ideas
Guaranteed Safe Checkout
We truly offer the most stunning, trendy highest-quality products in the world.
We will do WHATEVER it takes with outstanding customer service support to assist everyone as we highly value our customer satisfaction with absolute ZERO risk.
We make sure that every customer is 100% satisfied in every aspect!
If you are not satisfied with receiving the goods, you can apply for a refund.
You can pay with PayPal, which will protect your money.
The Turtle with Human Eyes
At first glance, most eyes look the same. There’s a small opening through which light passes. That light goes through the transparent liquid behind the lens and strikes the retina, a thin film of light-sensitive nerve cells that line the back of the eye. But there’s actually a great deal more to vision than that.
Some animals, like humans, cats, and owls, have their eyes facing forward, while in some species the eyes face sideways, like cows and zebras. That distinction, while superficially simple, betrays complex underlying musculature.
That’s because most animals have what’s called a vestibulo-ocular reflex or VOR. That’s the reflex that allows you to maintain your focus on a part of your visual field even while your head moves. If you rotate your head to the right, your eyes rotate left to compensate. (Not all animals have a VOR. Some birds, like chickens and pigeons, lack the reflex, which is why they bob their heads while they walk. It’s a different solution to the same problem.) Without the ability to stabilize the world, we’d all get seasick very quickly.
While animals with forward-facing and sideways-facing eyes both have VORs, it works slightly differently. That is, the different muscles that control the eye do their work different ways. In forward-facing mammals, for example, the superior oblique muscle rotates the eye to the side, away from the nose. In mammals with eyes on the sides of their head, the same muscle instead does the opposite: it rotates the eyes inwards, towards the nose. These processes, called abduction and adduction, respectively, are two of the mechanisms that comprise the VOR.
In 2006, Saint Louis University School of Medicine researchers Michael Jones and Michael Ariel discovered that red-eared sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans), a type of pond turtle, have eye muscles that work as if they were front-facing mammals despite having lateral eyes. That is, when the researchers stimulated the the superior oblique muscle, the eyes rotated outwards, rather than inwards. That surprise led Jones and Ariel to explore this puzzling finding by looking into the physiology, anatomy, and behavior of this peculiar turtle’s eyes. That study, led by J. R. Dearworth Jr. of Lafayette College, was published earlier this year in the Journal of Comparative Neurology.
One thing that sets these turtles apart from other types of turtles is that their visual fields change when they retract their heads into their carapaces. The turtles’ shells restrict their peripheral vision and limit their head mobility. As a result, when their heads are retracted, their eyes are more like those of forward-facing mammals, and when extended, their eyes are more like those of side-eyed mammals. That’s a unique challenge for the VOR, because it has to allow the turtles to maintain a stable field of vision both when their heads are extended and when they are retracted into their protective armor.
In 2006, Jones and Ariel discovered that the red-eared sliders’ eyes behaved as if they were forward facing. In the new study, they also looked at the anatomy and physiology of the eyes. It turned out that their ocular anatomy and physiology were also unique for turtles. Say I gave you the eye of a red-eared slider, but you had guess what animal it came from. Based on its anatomy, physiology, and behavior alone, you’d assume that the eye was from an animal with forward-facing eyes, like a human. And you’d only be half right, since the turtles spend a lot of time with sideways-facing eyes.
Evolution was faced with a unique problem: an animal whose eyes usually face sideways, but sometimes face forwards. Each type of animal – forward-facing or sideways facing – evolved it’s own method for achieving the VOR; here’s a critter that is both types at once. In order to maintain the VOR, the red-eared slider evolved eyes that work differently from every other species with sideways facing eyes.
What that suggests is that the muscles that control the red-eared slider’s eye evolved according to the constraints imposed by their unique ability to completely retract their heads into their shells, something no other turtle can do. The result was a peculiar turtle with human-like eyes.
Dearworth J.R., Ashworth A.L., Kaye J.M., Bednarz D.T., Blaum J.F., Vacca J.M., McNeish J.E., Higgins K.A., Michael C.L. & Skrobola M.G. & (2013). Role of the trochlear nerve in eye abduction and frontal vision of the red-eared slider turtle, Journal of Comparative Neurology, 521 (15) 3464-3477. DOI: 10.1002/cne.23361
Header image via Dr. Michael Ariel, used with permission. Second image modified from Dearworth et al. (2013).
90,000 Inflammation of the eyelids (conjunctivitis, blepharoconjunctivitis) – Turtles.ru
Frequent symptoms: puffy eyes, often with “pus” under the eyelids, the turtle does not eat
Turtles: aquatic and terrestrial
Treatment: can be cured on its own
The most common are conjunctivitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane (conjunctiva) of the eye), blepharitis (inflammation of the skin of the eyelids) or blepharoconjunctivitis (inflammation that affects both the eyelids and conjunctiva).
ATTENTION : The treatment regimens on the website may be obsolete ! A turtle can have several diseases at once, and many diseases are difficult to diagnose without tests and examination by a veterinarian, therefore, before starting self-treatment, contact a veterinary clinic with a proven herpetologist veterinarian, or our consultant veterinarian on the forum.
Blepharoconjunctivitis (synonym – marginal blepharitis) is one of the varieties of conjunctivitis that occurs in conjunction with blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids).
Blockage of the channels of the orbital glands with desquamated epithelium causes conjunctivitis and edema of the eyelids. Blepharoconjunctivitis usually occurs with hypovitaminosis (lack) of vitamin A in the turtle’s body. Also cold and / or dirty (not filtered) water in the aquaterrarium.
Under the lower eyelid, in the conjunctival sac, yellowish cellular material accumulates, resembling pus, but, as a rule, not being it. The swollen blinker membrane can completely cover the eyeball. Usually, at the first signs of inflammation of the conjunctiva and eyelids, the turtle stops eating. The wasting of this disease increases the risk of kidney failure.
It is advisable to consult a veterinarian, but self-treatment is possible with an accurate diagnosis of the disease.
- Rinse eyes with Ringer’s saline several times a day. If there is a curdled content under the eyelid, it must be washed (you can use the pressure of saline with a syringe without a needle or using a cut plastic catheter).
- Inject the vitamin complex 0.6 ml / kg intramuscularly once. Repeat after 14 days. In no case do not inject vitamins with a course!
- Twice a day, instill Sofradex drops under the lower eyelid for 7 days. If the turtle is water, then after being instilled into the eyes, it is left on land for 30-40 minutes.
- If the tortoise is scratching the eyelids with its front paws, apply hydrocortisone ointment to the eyelids for 5 days or instill eye drops containing a corticosteroid, such as Sofradex. The manipulations are repeated 2 to 3 times a day for 5 to 7 days.
- In the absence of positive dynamics within a week, it is necessary to start instilling antibacterial drugs: 1% Decamethoxin, 0.3% Gentamicin drops, etc. You can also use ZOO MED Repti Turtle Eye Drops for eye drops.The drops open and clear sore eyes in turtles. Ingredients: water, aqueous solution of vitamins A and B12.
For treatment, you need to buy:
In untreated cases, improvement in the standing of the eyelids and conjunctiva occurs within two to four weeks. In some cases, the appearance of positive dynamics is also possible three to five days after the start of treatment. However, recovery often occurs later, after three to six weeks from the start of therapy.
Eye inflammation (conjunctivitis)
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye (conjunctiva), caused, most often, by an allergic reaction or infection (viral, less often bacterial).
Primary bacterial blepharitis or conjunctivitis is not uncommon. If the turtle has no other symptoms of hypovitaminosis A (peeling of the skin, exfoliation of scales, rhinitis, swelling) or if the symptoms of blepharoconjunctivitis do not disappear after the prescribed treatment (drops and a vitamin complex), then we are usually talking about primary bacterial blepharoconjunctivitis. In addition, even if blepharoconjunctivitis is primarily caused by vitamin A deficiency, secondary bacterial infection is the most common form of complication.
Also cold and / or dirty (not filtered) water in the aquaterrarium.
– Absence of other symptoms of hypovitaminosis A. One-sided process (if this species of turtles has a functioning nasolacrimal duct, then the cause may be obstruction of this duct, and in this case it is necessary to flush the external nostril from the right side).
– Accumulation of pus-like material in the conjunctival sac.
– Hyperemia of the eyelids without exfoliation of the skin (hyperemia with exfoliation is a frequent reaction to prolonged instillation of vitamin A into the eyes).
– The disease was found in a land turtle (blepharitis caused by hypovitaminosis A is most typical for young freshwater turtles).
– Eyes closed, swollen, may watery.
- Drip any eye drops containing an antibiotic, for example, Sofradex with a thin pipette, into the lower eyelid.
- If the eyelids are involved in the process (blepharoconjunctivitis) or with prolonged conjunctivitis, 0.3% drops of Gentamicin or analogs are used.
- After that, gentamicin eye ointment is applied to the eyelids.Ointments and drops should not contain steroid hormones. As in practice with small pets, freshly prepared drops can be used: add 0.1 ml of 4% gentamicin for injection to 1 ml of hemodez and apply as described above. Drops are instilled 2 – 3 times a day, the ointment is applied at night. The duration of treatment is on average 5 – 10 days. Care should be taken to ensure that the turtles do not rub their eyes.
For treatment after you need to buy:
- 1% Decamethoxin or 0.3% Gentamicin Drops or Tobramycin or Framycetin or Ciprofloxacin | 1 bottle | human pharmacy
- Drops for eyes Sofradex or Neomycin or Chloramphenicol or Tetracycline | 1 bottle | human pharmacy
or Tsiprovet | 1 bottle | veterinary pharmacy
- Gentamycin, framomycin, bacitracin-neomycin-polymyxin ophthalmic ointment or silver sulfadiazine
- Syringe, 1 ml | 1 piece | human pharmacy
Eye diseases in turtles
Red-eared turtles (Trachemys scripta) are one of the most common terrarium pets.They are sold on the streets, in crossings, at fairs, often by hand, not always observing the temperature regime required for this species, and veterinary and sanitary conditions. Unscrupulous sellers often do not know the conditions of keeping this turtle and advise buyers on keeping, feeding, sex determination, knowingly, incorrectly. Often these turtles are sold handheld outside in the winter, chilled and already sick.
The red-eared turtle naturally lives in warm tropical and subtropical climates.Its distribution area covers the United States from the south of Virginia to the north of Florida and Kansas, Oklahoma and New Mexico in the west, Mexico, all of Central America, northwest of South America (northern Colombia and Venezuela).
Like all reptiles, the red-eared turtle is a cold-blooded species, that is, its body temperature depends on the environment. She is not able to warm herself up and in the cold very quickly supercooled, gets sick, and dies with prolonged exposure to low temperatures.
The crowded content of the seller contributes to the spread of bacterial, fungal and viral infections. After acquiring such an animal from the hands, especially in the cold season, the turtle needs to be examined for the purpose of early detection and treatment of pathologies that the animal could have received while still with the seller.
Before you start any exotic animal at home, you need to study in detail its conditions of detention in captivity. The living conditions of the house of any exotic animal should be as close to natural as possible.The red-eared turtle is a freshwater, thermophilic species. For its maintenance, a spacious aquaterrarium is required with the ability to land. The water temperature in the terrarium should be 25-28 degrees during the day, 22-25 degrees at night, the water temperature should not drop below 20 degrees. Also in the terrarium you need a source of ultraviolet radiation and a heating point over the land island, where the temperature reaches locally at a point of up to 35 degrees. The absence of a source of ultraviolet radiation (ultraviolet lamp), especially in a growing animal, leads to rickets and, as a consequence, in the future, to deformation of the bones of the shell.
The red-eared turtle is a fast-growing species. As you grow, it is necessary to replace the aquaterrariums with larger ones. Also, this species of turtles is quite territorial and can show aggression towards other turtles of the same species living in the same territory (in the same aquaterrarium). You cannot settle turtles of different sizes in one aquaterrarium, very often this leads to a rather serious injury to a smaller turtle. The water in the aquaterrarium must always be clean, for this purpose you can install an aquarium filter and completely change the water with disinfection of the terrarium as it gets dirty.You can feed the turtle in a separate container so that the remnants of uneaten food do not poison the water. Remember, water contaminated with food debris and feces is a source of poisoning or infection. Signs of nitrate poisoning from contaminated water – general lethargy, refusal to feed, heavy breathing with an open mouth – when these signs appear, it is recommended to immediately visit a veterinarian.
Also contaminated water can cause bacterial otitis media in the red-eared turtle.
Bacterial otitis media in red-eared turtle
Such a pathology can only be treated surgically under general anesthesia – opening the abscess and removing the contents with a capsule and further long-term antibiotic therapy.
Giving of inhalation anesthesia
Checking the blink reflex and the depth of anesthesia
Antifungal therapy for red-eared turtle in a hospital setting, bathing in methylene blue
Many reptile diseases can be prevented by providing optimal conditions from the outset.Unfortunately, due to the peculiarities of metabolism, turtles, like all reptiles, get sick for a long time and also recover for a long time. Clinical signs of disease in the early stages are usually not visible to the wearer. It is necessary to pay attention and regularly examine the skin, shell for lesions, discoloration. If you experience any symptoms that alert the owner, take the animal to a doctor. Remember in the early stages of the disease it is much easier and faster to cure!
90,000 What you need to know about the red-eared turtle?
The red-eared turtle is a very popular and relatively unpretentious species that is often kept at home.Let’s take a look at who the red-eared turtles are, why they are interesting, and how to equip the terrarium if you decide to purchase an unusual pet.
Red-eared turtles are native to North America, where they live in stagnant fresh water bodies: shallow lakes, ponds, swamps. They got their name from the long red stripes on the head, just behind the eyes. In some subspecies, however, these stripes are yellow. The diameter of the shell of an adult turtle can reach 30 cm, which must be taken into account when choosing an aquaterrarium.In the store, babies are sold, no more than 5 cm. These are very young individuals, with fragile immunity. Therefore, you should carefully consider the purchase, transportation and arrangement of housing for the turtle.
All aquatic turtles, including red-eared turtles, are kept in aquaterrariums . There are ready-made options, or you can convert a regular aquarium. For an adult you need a aquarium of at least 150 liters .A smaller aquarium is suitable for a young one, pay attention to the ready-made Tetra ReptoAquaSet, which includes a 78 liter aquarium, filter, island and LED lighting.
Turtles don’t really care about depth, but they like to swim, so you should focus on the bottom area. Often the turtle enclosure is open, so make sure there are no drafts in the area. The aquarium is installed on a stable flat surface, for example, on a special cabinet.
fluorescent or LED aquarium lamps are used as backlighting. They provide even light throughout the terrarium and practically do not get warm. The length of daylight hours for red-eared turtles should be 10-12 hours.
The capacity is divided: two-thirds should be occupied by water and one-third – land (island) . In the aquaterrarium for the turtles it is necessary to create a “sun” and “shade” zone.The fact is that reptiles cannot maintain their body temperature on their own and are looking for a suitable place to warm up or, on the contrary, take a break from the heat. To arrange heating, you need the following equipment :
- Aquarium heater
- Infrared or ceramic reptile heating lamp
- Water thermometer
- Thermometer for the “solar” zone
Adult turtles are quite strong, displace equipment and even spoil it, so try to remove the heater and thermometer where the turtle cannot climb.The water temperature is maintained at 25 ° C. The heating lamp is placed over the island at a distance of about 30 cm from the shell. The thermometer is mounted inside the aquarium, at the level where the turtle will sunbathe. Here the temperature is maintained at 28-30 ° C. The heating lamp is switched on during the daytime. However, if the temperature is unstable, if the temperature in the apartment drops to 20 ° C and below, it should be left on around the clock.
In the aquaterrarium, there must be ultraviolet lamp .It is installed above the island next to the heating lamp and should burn during daylight hours. These lamps promote the synthesis of vitamin D, the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. There are UV lamps for various purposes. Select reptile lamps with UVB 5.0 label. Lamps with UVB less than 5% practically do not give ultraviolet radiation, and 10% or more are intended for desert dwellers.
A powerful filter is needed in the aquaterrarium. It can be placed on the bottom if the water height is low.It is advisable to use a filter with a glass, since the turtles spoil the sponge with their claws, or remove the filter under the island, in a place inaccessible to the turtle. For convenience, the Tetra ReptoDecoFilter can be used as a decorative island and filter.
Ground and decor
Complete the terrarium with decorations – stones, driftwood, artificial plants. They should be free of sharp edges and should not interfere with the movement of the pet in the water.It is also worth making sure that the decor does not create narrow niches in which the turtle can get stuck.
Soil is poured in a layer of about 1.5 cm. It is advisable to use rounded pebbles of an average fraction of 5-10 mm. The soil not only plays an aesthetic role, but also serves as a substrate for beneficial bacteria, which keeps the water clean for longer.
The red-eared turtle is considered a predator, but its needs change with age.In the first two years of life, turtles feed exclusively on animal food. During this period, they can be fed with a specialized diet Tetra ReptoMin Baby, which takes into account age-related needs and is ideal for babies in size. You can also add tubifex, bloodworms, shrimp to food.
Towards the age of two, the turtle’s diet changes. Vegetable components appear in it, and their share is gradually increasing. The turtle can be switched to a new food – Tetra ReptoMin Junior, which takes into account the needs and size of the pet in a given period of life.Along with live food, it is worth starting to introduce plant dressings: scalded lettuce and nettle, duckweed or Riccia.
When the diameter of the shell reaches 12 cm, the turtle is transferred to an adult diet. Animal and vegetable food is given in a 50:50 ratio. Tetra ReptoMin Complete Food for Adult Turtles is responsive to changing needs. Additionally, you can enter both animal and plant feeding.
Turtles need to be fed in water, they are not adapted to feed on land.Improper feeding can be stressful, and some individuals refuse to take food on land. The frequency of feeding depends on age: babies under one year old are fed twice a day, then they switch to one meal, and it is enough to feed adults 2-3 times a week.
If all the requirements for keeping and feeding are met, caring for your turtle is incredibly simple and does not require much effort. Once a week, it is necessary to wipe the glass, siphon the soil and replace 1/3 of the water.You can prepare water without settling with Tetra ReptoSafe conditioner. It instantly removes salt and heavy metals from the water, as well as enriches it with vitamins, minerals and protects mucous membranes from possible changes in water parameters.
What to do if an unpleasant odor appears? With proper care, there should be no odor. Make sure that the pet has a sufficient volume of water, a powerful filter, everything is eaten when feeding, food does not float in water for a long time.Change 50% water and add Tetra ReptoFresh Conditioner . It accelerates the decomposition of organic matter, purifies water and eliminates unpleasant odors.
We also recommend
Diseases of the eyes of red-eared turtles, how to treat, symptoms
The eyes are a rather serious organ of turtles, which has minimal protection from the influence of harmful bacteria that live in the water. Eye diseases can lead to discomfort, but sometimes blindness.In this regard, it is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the turtle’s eyes and at the first symptoms, the simplest measures should be taken to improve the condition of the eyes. If this does not give any effect, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
Ailments of the eyes of red-eared turtles and their signs
Turtle eye disease can be indicated by the following symptoms:
- Redness of the mucous membrane of the eyes.
- Swollen eyelids.
- The appearance of white bloom on the eyeballs.
- The turtle is unable to open its eyes.
- Corneal opacity.
- Slow reaction of the eyeball to ongoing events.
The above symptoms may be accompanied by general weakness, poor appetite, high fever, and impaired coordination of movements.
These symptoms indicate the presence of an eye disease such as conjunctivitis. It is caused by the bacteria staphylococci and streptococci.
The cause of such a serious illness may be an unhealthy diet or unsanitary conditions.If the water in the aquarium has not changed for a long time, then in the red-eared turtle, first of all, the eyes will swell, which will indicate water pollution.
Another serious turtle eye disease is panophthalmitis. This disease is caused by a purulent infection that affects the tissues of the eyeball. Clouding of the eyeball can serve as evidence of such a disease, and if the appropriate treatment is not urgently started, the turtle may lose its sight.
Treatment of red-eared turtle eye diseases
At the first onset of symptoms, the animal should be immediately placed in clean water, since it is contaminated water that causes eye diseases.Since the causative agents are infections, antibiotics and drops are used for treatment.
The following pharmaceutical products can be used for drug treatment:
- It can be “Sofradex”, “Ceirolet”, “Albucid”, “Topradex”, which are instilled into the eyes twice a day. If the turtle is unable to open its eyes, then gently pull back the lower eyelid and instill the eye. The course of treatment can last from 5 to 10 days, depending on the degree of damage.
- A disease such as panophthalmitis can only be treated with antibiotics and only under the supervision of a veterinarian.Self-treatment is not advisable, as it can lead to the death of the animal.
- If the disease is neglected, it is highly likely that the eyeball will be removed.
- In the process of treating a turtle eye disease, it is desirable to enhance the effect by using multivitamins, such as “Intravit”, “Multivit”, “Eleovit”. Since vitamin D2 is poisonous for turtles, you should always pay attention to the content of the corresponding vitamins in the preparations. At the same time, vitamins can be injected, if, of course, the doctor does not mind.
- To alleviate the suffering of the red-eared turtle, it is possible to use a decoction of chamomile and a solution of boric acid. They moisten tampons and remove plaque from the turtle’s eyes.
- At the very beginning of the onset of signs of the disease, tetracycline ointment may help.
Nutrition of red-eared turtles for eye disease
In case of eye damage, it is very important to provide the turtle with proper nutrition. The turtle’s menu should include foods rich in vitamin A.As far as we know, vitamin A is good for eyesight, and not just for turtles. This vitamin is rich in carrots. The main food of the turtle is seafood, but in case of eye disease, you can give it livers once a week, as well as focus on plant foods such as cabbage, seaweed, lettuce, seaweed. Typically, these foods are rich in vitamins.
If your pet is seriously ill and cannot open its eyes, it will be difficult for him to find food in the aquarium. In this case, the owner himself will need to feed the animal, otherwise it may die of hunger.
If there are still animals next to the sick turtle, it is better to isolate the sick turtle so that the disease does not harm its relatives.
90,000 Sea turtles, species, reproduction, what they look like, photo
Sea turtles are excellent swimmers and divers. Clumsy on land, these large reptiles glide gracefully through the water with their flipper-like forelimbs and streamlined carapace. See how free the sea turtles Bissa and green look in the photos we took in the RIO and Moskvarium aquariums.Sea turtles often float to the surface during periods of activity to breathe. And with a reduced metabolism during rest, some species can remain under water for several hours.
Click to enlarge pictures
Sea turtle bisse in the RIO
Most scientists recognize two families of sea turtles: Cheloniidae with six species and Dermochelyidae with one species. Several sea turtles of the Bissa species (lat.Eretmochelys imbricata) belonging to the Cheloniidae family. The genus name Eretmochelys comes from the Greek roots eretmo and chelys, which mean paddle and turtle. The front flippers of this turtle really resemble oars and perform their functions successfully. The Latin name of the species imbricata corresponds to the English term tiled. After all, the back flaps on the turtle shell overlap like roof tiles. Bissa has two subspecies: the Atlantic Eretmochelys imbricata imbricate and the Pacific Eretmochelys imbricata bissa (Pacific Hawksbill Turtle).
Byssa differs from other sea turtles in its beak-shaped jaw
Anatomy and morphology of sea turtles
Like other members of the Cheloniidae family, the bissa has a streamlined body and forelimbs adapted for active swimming in the form of fins. The hind limbs serve as rudders of stabilization and direction when swimming, and also help the females to dig nests in the sand to lay eggs.
Above the turtles is protected by carapace – the back shield of the shell.It is convex and consists of a bony base and corneous scutes. The flat abdominal shield of the tortoise shell, called the plastron, has the same composition.
Bissa is on the verge of extinction because of the beautiful motley carapace
The color of the carapace is predominantly brown with stripes, dark and light spots. Below it is yellow or white. This coloring helps the turtle to camouflage among the variegated corals at the bottom and against the background of the light surface of the water.
Unlike land turtles, sea turtles cannot pull their heads under the shell, but their body is more streamlined and adapted to swimming.Sea turtles have large upper eyelids that protect their eyes when searching for food among corals.
In female Bissa, the tail does not extend beyond the carapace
Bissa’s carapace features overlapping horny plates that are thicker than other sea turtles. This protects the turtles from injury from sharp corals and rocks during storms. Adult bises reach 1 m in length of the shell and weigh up to 90 kg. Bissa are visually well identified by their elongated conical head ending in a bird-like beak.Therefore, the English name of the species is Hawksbill, that is, the falcon’s beak. The juveniles of the bisse are so small that they can easily fit in the palm of a child.
Green turtle in Moskvarium
Distribution and abundance of sea turtles
Byssa, like other sea turtles, lives in the tropical and some subtropical regions of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. The largest populations are found in the Caribbean, Seychelles, Indonesia, Mexico and Australia.Few aggregations occur in US waters. The total population of the Bissa is unknown because immature and male turtles do not come ashore and are difficult to count.
On the basis of the number of adult females that go ashore to produce offspring, it is also impossible to draw unambiguous conclusions. Some females nest every two to three years. Others may lay eggs more than once a season. Approximately 15,000 female Bissa nest around the world every year.
Byss are omnivorous, but prefer to feed on sea sponges. These multicellular animals contain toxic chemicals that accumulate in the tissues of turtles. Human consumption of the meat of such turtles can cause serious illness and even death. Turtles E. imbricata are important members of reef communities, saving corals from sponge suppression. It is estimated that one turtle can eat about 500 kg of sponge per year.
Bisses prefer octopuses for lunch in the aquarium
Sea turtles also feed on molluscs, crustaceans, fish, algae.Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for turtles on coral reefs to mistake plastic debris for food, which impedes their digestion and leads to death.
Turtles have to be fed with care – they can bite off a finger
The narrow sharp beak of the byss is an excellent tool for finding and capturing food among coral crevices. Here, on the ledges and in the shelters of the reefs, the turtles rest during the day and night. Unlike green sea turtles, which often migrate several hundred miles between feeding and nesting sites, E.imbricata feed all year round on the reefs opposite their breeding grounds. In aquariums, all types of sea turtles can be kept on high-calorie protein diets.
Males can be distinguished from females by the length and thickness of the tail, which extends well beyond the back of the carapace. Mating often occurs on the surface in shallow waters near the sandy shore. Males use long, curved claws on the forelimbs and tail to hold onto the female’s shell.Mating can take several hours.
Green turtle in Moskvarium
At night, mainly between May and October and at high tide, females go to small isolated beaches to create nests. Having chosen a site, they dig a hole for laying eggs using the front and hind limbs. After laying eggs, the female covers them with sand and returns to the sea. Biss nests every two to three years and can lay eggs up to six times within a few weeks of mating.They often return to their usual places and lay eggs a few meters from the previous nests. The clutch contains from 50 to 230 small eggs (on average, about 130).
The head and limbs of sea turtles are not retracted into the shell
After an incubation period of 50-70 days, juveniles leave the nest, usually at night, when the temperature of the sand decreases and predators (crabs, mongooses, rats and fish) pose less of a threat. The turtles are immediately directed towards the ocean, attracted by the reflection of the light of the moon and stars in the water.During this period, their mortality is highest as a result of disorientation from artificial lighting, vehicle traffic and predation. Having reached the surf line, the turtles immediately rush into the depths, where they are less vulnerable to predators.
There is no consensus among scientists about the life span of sea turtles. Presumably, their age may be close to 80 years, given the threshold for reaching maturity of 30-50 years and the duration of the reproductive period of 30 years.
Adult sea turtles have several natural enemies, mostly large sharks. Fish, dogs, birds, raccoons, crabs and other predators hunt eggs and juvenile turtles. In early otnogenesis, more than 90% of turtles die from predators.
Natural disasters can seriously affect the survival of sea turtles. For example, in 2004, more than half of the turtle nests on the Florida coast were washed away by hurricanes. Populations of sea turtles can also be affected by sudden cold snaps.
But the biggest threat to sea turtles is human activities. Due to debris, noise, artificial lighting and nighttime activities of people on the beach, females are forced to return to the sea without laying eggs. Some sea turtles die from ingested plastic debris, which they mistake for edible jellyfish. Thousands of sea turtles each year become entangled and drown in the nets of shrimp trawlers. Some people illegally collect turtle eggs for sale as an aphrodisiac.
The number of sea turtles declined by more than 80% in the last century, mainly due to the trade in their shells. Millennium beads were prized for their beautiful colorful carapace, which can be used to make a variety of jewelry. The turtle shell is used for making jewelry boxes, combs, snuff boxes, furniture inlay, and so on.
But byss meat is also in demand, and in some countries it is considered a delicacy. As early as the 5th century BC, sea turtles, including byssu, were eaten with pleasure in China.In the second half of the last century, byssa was caught almost completely. So Japan imported about 2 million turtles between 1950 and 1992.
Like all sea turtles, the bissa is critically endangered throughout the world. The species Eretmochelys imbricata is included in the IUCN Red List and the United States Red Book. However, some countries continue to fish for bissa. Demand is unabated, so the turtle black market is flourishing.
Meetings with living representatives of sea turtles in the collections of aquariums and zoos allow the public to learn a lot about the life of these beautiful animals, about how human activities can affect their survival.
Feeding sea turtles in the aquarium
In the protected environment of marine aquariums, scientists can study aspects of sea turtle biology that are difficult or impossible to study in the wild. For example, in June 2003, aquarists at SeaWorld in San Diego incubated 21 green sea turtle eggs for the first time in an artificial environment.
Turtles are rather unceremonious
More and more oceanariums appear in Russia and there is a hope that the efforts of their creators will help preserve endangered species of animals, including sea turtles.
Photo: Nikolay Safonov
Return to the page “Inhabitants of the aquariums”
90,000 Scientists have told how humanity is threatened with extinction of turtles
Turtles are very tenacious.They not only withstand adverse weather conditions, but are also able to regulate the sex ratio, which is shifted due to sudden changes in temperature.
“An embryo is formed in a laid egg, its sex is set genetically. But it can change at the hormonal level with warming or cooling. Therefore, in populations of turtles, there is sometimes a change in the ratio of the number of males or females. But these reptiles have two trump cards. First, they live rather long, therefore males and females from previous broods can participate in fertilization of a new generation, in which a shift of sexes is observed.Secondly, turtles are able to store sex products in their bodies. The sperm of the male remains in the genital tract of the female for up to four years. Even if at some point there will be few males, there will be a supply of sperm from their predecessors at hand. When warming, the ability to store sperm and long life will protect these animals if their numbers are not too small. And it depends only on the person, “- says Sergei Ogurtsov.
In his opinion, turtles will survive the current climate change, compensating for the imbalance in the number of females and males in populations.But they are defenseless against a person who catches them for fun and for sale, destroys their habitat and isolates reptiles from their breeding grounds.
A group of biologists from the US Geological Survey and the University of Georgia believe that global warming will accelerate the extinction of turtles. This, in turn, will hurt populations of other animal species and completely change the structure of biological communities.
“Not only turtles are dying out, but entire biota (in Southeast Asia, for example, as a result of deforestation).Therefore, it is necessary to talk about the consequences of the extinction of the biota as a whole. The world is becoming impoverished, ecosystems are being simplified to such an extent that, in the end, there may not be room for humans, “concludes Igor Danilov.
90,000 Geneticists confirmed the rediscovery of a turtle that was considered extinct for more than a hundred years
Shell of an adult male Galapagos tortoise from Fernandina Island ( Chelonoidis phantasticus ), taken in 1906.
Biologists have confirmed that the female Galapagos tortoise, which was discovered in 2019 on Fernandina Island, belongs to the species Chelonoidis phantasticus .For a long time it was known for a single specimen, mined in 1906, and was considered extinct. Now experts plan to send a series of new expeditions to Fernandina in order to find a female partner and launch a captive breeding program. According to the website of the Galapagos Conservancy, the nearest of these expeditions may start in September.
Human activity in the last few centuries alone has led to the extinction of hundreds of species.However, some of them may not have died out yet, but are simply hiding well from scientists. In 2017, the conservation organization Global Wildlife Conservation compiled a list of twenty-five lost species of animals and plants that are most likely to survive, and suggested that efforts be focused on finding them. Since then, biologists have been able to rediscover six of the most wanted species: the Somali jumper ( Galegeeska revoilii ), the Vietnamese deer ( Tragulus versicolor ), the Madagascar chameleon Furcifer voeltzkowi
03409 gigantic salam pluto
) and nepentes Nepenthes mollis .
Two years ago there was hope that another species from the Global Wildlife Conservation list did not die out, but continues to exist. We are talking about tortoise Chelonoidis phantasticus – one of about fifteen species of Galapagos tortoises (some experts consider them as subspecies of one species). Ch. phantasticus inhabits Fernandina, the youngest island in the Galapagos archipelago. For a long time, this species was known from a single specimen – an adult male, which was obtained by an expedition of the California Academy of Sciences in 1906.Since then, scientists have rarely visited Fernandina due to the high volcanic activity of the island and turtles have not been found here. Only a few times they came across indirect evidence of the existence of these reptiles – traces of droppings and bitten stalks of cacti. As a result, some experts suggested that representatives of the species Ch. phantasticus disappeared completely.
Everything changed in February 2019, when a joint expedition of the Galapagos National Park and the environmental organization Galapagos Conservancy arrived in Fernandina.Experts found an adult female Galapagos tortoise in a bush on the island and transported it to a breeding center on Santa Cruz Island. However, it remained unclear whether the discovered specimen really belongs to the species Ch. phantasticus . Scientists assumed that the reptile somehow (for example, with the help of fishermen or whalers, who often transported Galapagos turtles from one island to another) came to Fernandina from another island, which means that it does not belong to the local species.
To establish the species identity of the tortoise, which received the nickname Fernanda, or Fern for short, geneticists at Yale University compared DNA extracted from a sample of its blood with the genetic material of a male obtained in 1906. It turned out that the female really belongs to the species Ch. phantasticus , which has been lost to science for over a hundred years.
Experts believe that other representatives of this species also live on Fernandina – during the 2019 expedition they found traces and droppings of at least two more individuals.To find them, three new expeditions will go to the island starting in September this year. The zoologists’ main goal is to find an adult male to partner with Fern at a breeding center in Santa Cruz. In case of successful reproduction, the grown offspring of the pair will be released on Fernandina in order to maintain the size of the local population. However, if a male for Fern is not found, she risks sharing the fate of Lonely George – the last purebred Chelonoidis abingdonii that inhabited Pinta Island.He died in 2012, leaving no offspring. The Galapagos Conservancy is currently raising funds to organize expeditions.
In February of this year, ornithologists reported that they had found the black-browed mouse thymelium ( Malacocincla perspicillata ), a small passerine bird on the island of Borneo. This species was described from a single specimen, obtained in 1840, and hid from scientists for at least 172 years.